How to treat Baldness
Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss or baldness. There are various types of alopecia, the most common being androgenetic alopecia, also known as male pattern baldness. This condition mostly occurs in men, but can also affect some women.
It results in permanent hair loss. Another common type of alopecia is alopecia areata, which is temporary, and can result in patches of hair loss on the scalp and other parts of the body. The different types of permanent baldness are as follows:
The different types of temporary baldness are as follows:
- Androgenetic Alopecia Male pattern baldness or androgenetic alopecia may begin in the teens or early twenties. The first signs of balding include receding hairline around the tops of the head and temples. It usually continues until there is complete hair loss.
- Female Pattern Baldness This is also a type of androgenetic alopecia which leads to thinning of the hair at the sides of the head, crown and front. The hairline mostly stays in intact. Complete baldness is rare in women.
- Cicatricial Alopecia Also known as scarring alopecia, this condition is caused by inflammation and scarring of the hair follicles. It may result in patches of hair loss along with itching and pain.
- Alopecia Areata This condition is characterized by small, smooth areas of hair loss. It can lead to hair loss on any area of the body with hair such as the beard and eyebrows. In a small percentage of cases it can lead to complete hair loss across the body. Baldness that involves the entire scalp is known as alopecia totalis and that which involves the entire body is called alopecia universalis.
- Telogen Effluvium The onset of this type of hair loss is sudden and usually occurs after considerable stress or a major illness. It can cause the hair to fall in handfuls while brushing or washing the hair. It results in thinning across the scalp.
- Traction Alopecia This type of baldness occurs when the hair is pulled tightly. Wearing your hair in certain hairstyles or using tight rollers can cause bald patches on the scalp.
- Anagen Effluvium This condition leads to hair loss during the anagen or active stage of hair growth. It usually occurs in individuals undergoing chemotherapy. The hair growth is regulated again some weeks after the treatment ends.
It is advisable to consult a doctor if you notice increased or patchy loss of hair. In some cases, hair loss can be indicative of an underlying health complication. There is no known cure for baldness, but there are methods of slowing down the hair fall or concealing it.
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